What is hymen and what do you mean by hymen reconstruction?
The hymen is a membranous, yet thick tissue layer that surrounds the orifice of the vagina extending to the posterior urethral orifice is called the hymen. This membranous layer is responsible for allowing a smooth menstrual flow outlet.
Hymenial tissue, however, is known to possess an elastic trait that prevents it from not tearing in most cases of a sexual encounter. Although, most women experience a tear upon the first insertion of a tampon or during first sexual intercourse, research shows that almost 40-50% of women are born with hymen deficiencies. A complete absence of the hymen tissue is entirely possible.
While this might be the case, yet an intact hymen is valued in many cultures and religions as a significant sign of virginity – being one of the biggest reasons for the consideration of marriage. It is often associated with a bleeding sign during the first act of intercourse. It is used to determine a women’s true sign of virginity. However, science contradicts by debating that a bleed during coitus is not a shred of medical evidence to determine one’s virginity.
Hymen reconstruction aims to restore the tear in the hymenal tissue. This protects a women’s honor and integrity in case she is a victim of the ongoing cultural norms and wishes to get a tissue repair. It is a pragmatic option for women to meet the expectations of the society in terms of eligibility for marriage, virginity, and if in case they were a victim of sexual violence.
Hymen reconstruction is one of the safest and most accessible options available that many women and families are considering today.
What is involved in Hymen Reconstruction?
Hymen reconstruction is a simple surgical process that involves the ablation of the previously lacerated edges, which are then stitched back with sutures that are self-dissolvable. The patient is sedated under the local anesthesia effect, although, at times, general anesthesia is utilized to perform the procedure.
This surgical process is non-invasive and requires a graft once the secondary tissue layer is stitched together to compensate the torn skin – this allows the hymen to appear intact. In case the procedure is not possible due to various reasons, the surgeon can create an entirely new hymen tissue layer by using the vaginal lips.
Are there any risks associated with Hymen Reconstruction?
Hymen reconstruction is considered to be a safe and sound process. It is less likely to cause any complications or risks along with minimal side effects. However, risks of infection are highly signification along with chances of profuse bleeding; or any other risk factors that are associated with the anesthesia administration.
Significant complications are rare for the process of hymen reconstruction. However, overcorrection of the hymen can occur, also popularly known as a “stricture.” This causes the narrowing of the vagina, making intercourse a painful and challenging task as an outcome. This might be a long term cause but rarely occurs in patients.