What is a hymen, and what do you mean by hymen reconstruction?
The hymen is a membranous, yet thick tissue layer that surrounds the orifice of the vagina extending to the posterior urethral orifice is called the hymen. This membranous layer is responsible for allowing a smooth menstrual flow outlet.
Hymenial tissue, however, is known to possess an elastic trait that prevents it from not tearing in most cases of a sexual encounter. Although most women experience a tear upon inserting a tampon or during first sexual intercourse, research shows that almost 40-50% of women are born with hymen deficiencies. A complete absence of the hymen tissue is entirely possible.
While this might be the case, an intact hymen is valued in many cultures and religions as a sign of virginity – one of the biggest reasons for considering marriage. It is often associated with a bleeding movement during the first act of intercourse. It is used to determine a women’s valid symbol of virginity. However, science contradicts this by debating that a bleed during coitus is not a shred of medical evidence to assess one’s purity.
Hymen reconstruction aims to restore the tear in the hymenal tissue. This protects a woman’s honor and integrity if she is a victim of the ongoing cultural norms and wishes to get a tissue repaired. Moreover, it is a practical option for women to meet society’s expectations regarding eligibility for marriage, virginity, and if they were a victim of sexual violence.
Hymen reconstruction is one of the safest and most accessible options available that many women and families are considering today.
What is involved in Hymen Reconstruction?
Hymen reconstruction is a simple surgical process that involves the ablation of the previously lacerated edges, which are then stitched back with sutures that are self-dissolvable. Next, the patient is sedated under the local anesthesia effect. However, at times, general anesthesia is utilized to perform the procedure.
This surgical process is non-invasive and requires a graft once the secondary tissue layer is stitched together to compensate for the torn skin – this allows the hymen to appear intact. However, suppose the procedure is not possible for various reasons. In that case, the surgeon can create an entirely new hymen tissue layer using the vaginal lips.
Are there any risks associated with Hymen Reconstruction?
Hymen reconstruction is considered to be a safe and sound process. It is less likely to cause complications or risks and has minimal side effects. However, risks of infection are highly signification, along with chances of profuse bleeding; or any other risk factors associated with the anesthesia administration.
Significant complications are rare in the process of hymen reconstruction. However, overcorrection of the hymen can occur, also popularly known as a “stricture.” This causes the narrowing of the vagina, making intercourse a painful and challenging task as an outcome. This might be a long-term cause but rarely occurs in patients.